Spermienzahl

Normwerte WHO

  WHO 2010 WHO 1999
Semen volume ≥ 1.5 mL ≥ 2 mL
Liquefaction time 60 min < 60 min
Semen viscosity 2 cm < 2 cm
pH ≥ 7.2 ≥ 7.2
Spermienkonzentration ≥ 15×106 ≥ 20×106
Spermiengesamtzahl ≥ 39×106 ≥ 40×106
Vitalität ≥ 58% ≥ 75%
Morphologie (Normalform) ≥ 4% ≥ 14%
Gesamtmotilität (a+b) ≥ 40% ≥ 50%
Progressive Motilität (a) ≥ 32% ≥ 25%
Leukozyten 1×106/mL < 1×106/mL
MAR-Test 50% < 50%

Rechner

Spermienzahl



Minimum requirements for fertility (WHO 2010):
> 624 200
Gesamtmotilität (Normalform)
> 499 200
Progressive Motilität (Normalform)
---

Semen volume

Normospermie - normal semen volume
Aspermie - no semen (no or retrograde ejaculation)
Hypospermie - Semen volume < 1.5 mL
Hyperspermie - Semen volume > 6 mL
Leuko(cyto)spermie, pyospermie - Leukozyten > 1x106/mL

Spermienzahl

Normozoospermie - normal sperm
Azoospermie - no spermatozoa in semen (confirmed after centrifugation)
Nekrozoospermie - dead or immobile sperms
Teratozoospermie - abnormal morphology
Asthenozoospermie - reduced sperm motility
AsthenoTeratozoospermie - reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
Oligozoospermie - few spermatozoa in semen
OligoTeratozoospermie - few spermatozoa in semen, abnormal morphology
OligoAsthenozoospermie - few spermatozoa in semen, reduced sperm motility
OligoAsthenoTeratozoospermie - few spermatozoa in semen, reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
Kryptozoospermie - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation)
KryptoTeratozoospermie - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), abnormal morphology
KryptoAsthenozoospermie - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), reduced sperm motility
KryptoAsthenoTeratozoospermie - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
polyzoospermie - high concentration (>250000000/ml)

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